September 2013Coins of Malaysia- Die Varieties and Varietiesby Saran Singh AMN, AMP, PNMIntroductionIn 1967, Malaysia's new 1st series coinage was issued which bore the well known Parliment House design on the obverse. In 1989, the 2nd series of the newly designed coins bearing various cultural motifs and the National Hibiscus Flower (Bunga Raya) came into circulation. These designs were finally replaced in 2012 with the current 3rd series.(However, for the record, beautifully struck Non Circulating Legal Tender (NCLT) coins of the 3rd series with the year date 2011 were issued in a folder for collecters. )uring this long period of 45 years, millions of coins were issued by Bank Negara Malaysia. For certain years, when the production of coinage was unusually large, new dies had to be prepared to replace the old worn out dies. This sometimes resulted in minor differences in the general design of the lettering or date by the Engraver when the new dies were prepared.Die VarietiesThis article deals with the various Die Varieties that have occured on the coinage of Malaysia since 1967. As mentioned earlier, a Die Variety occurs when an alternate die is made which may have slight differences in the cutting of the letters, date or design. Die Varieties must not be confused with Error Coins, which occur due to a malfunction or careless mistake, that may occur during their manufacture at the Mint.VarietiesThe author has taken the liberty of including coins that are struck with a different metal content e.g. 1 sen 1973/1976 Copper and 1 sen 1973/1976 Copper Clad Steel which are also included even though these are not die varieties. These are basically two different metal content coins struck from the same die. These are listed as Varieties and must not be confused with the Die Varieties. Coins that have two different planchet variations e.g. 1 sen 1970 Flat Top Rim and Tappered Rim are also included. Another example is the 1 Sen 1991 with the edge of the coin in Copper as well as Copper Clad Steel.Error CoinsThe author has also included error coins which are not within the preview of this article. However, some popular error coins like Malaysia 50 Sen 1979. DOT and 1988. DOT as well as the Malaysian 5 sen 2009 Double Die (Twin Towers) and the Die Crack Error (1 1/2 Towers) are included for the sake of posterity.There are likely to be other Die Varieties and Varieties which are not included below due to the lack of information. Readers of this article are invited to share their knowledge with the writer for the benefit of all Numismatists.Parliament House- 1st Series Coins- Die Varieties1 Sen 1970 Variety 1 - Copper, Flat Top Rim1 Sen 1970 Variety 2 - Copper, Tappered Edge1 Sen 1970 Variety 3 - Copper Clad Steel, Tappered Edge, Pattern, RRR1 Sen 1973 Die Variety 1 - Copper clad steel, evenly spaced date1 Sen 1973 Die Variety 2 - Copper clad steel, figure 3 in date slightly apart1 Sen 1973 Variety 3- Copper, evenly spaced date similar to Die Variety 11 Sen 1976 Variety 1 - Copper clad steel1 Sen 1976 Variety 2- Copper. RR1 Sen 1986 Variety 1 - top part of figure 6 in date curved1 Sen 1986 Variety 2 - top part of figure 6 in date straight1 sen 1991 Variety 1 - Edge of coin copper and steel clad1 Sen 1991 Variety 2 - Edge of coin copper clad5 Sen 1982 - DOT or several DOTS at right of parliament house on obverse. This is a die gaugeError and NOT a Die Varietly. This has occured due to a worn die which got frombad to worse because of continuous usage during production at the mint.10 Sen 1971 Variety 1- Milled Edge Flat10 Sen 1971 Variety 2 - Milled Edge Rounded. Small DOT. in the letter L of Malaysia10 Sen 1971 Variety 3 - Milled Edge Flat. The figure O of the denomination has been re- engraved and occurs with a small line within O, otherwise, this coin is similar toVariety 1.20 Sen 1973 Die Variety 1 - Figure 3 in date normal size20 Sen 1973 Die Variety 2 - Figure 3 in date larger50 Sen 1979 -DOT, Extra Dot at base of Parlaiment House. Die Gauage Error50 Sen 1988- DOT, Extra at top right of Parliament House. Die Gauage Error$1 1969 -10th Anniversary of Bank Negara MalaysiaDie Variety 1 - Flat Lettering (struck from PROOF coin Dies)Die Variety 2 - Round Lettering (struck from normal Dies)$1 1971 - Parliment HouseDie Variety 1 - Royal Mint. Letter M of MalaysiaDie Variety 2 - Shah Alam Mint. Letter M of Malaysia (variation in style of M)Hibiscus Flower (Bunga Raya) 2nd Series coins - Die Varieties1 Sen 1991 Variety 1- Edge copper and steel-clad1 Sen 1991 Variety 2- Edge copper clad1 Sen 2002 Die Variety 1 - Polen stem of Hibiscus Flower made up of dots in a arrowformation. Figure 1of denomination thin1 Sen 2002 Die Variety 2 - Polen stem with several lines ending with dots.Figure 1 of denomination thin.1 Sen 2002 Die Variety 3 - Polen stem with several lines ending with dots.Figure 1 of denomination thick.5 Sen 2007 Die Variety 1 - Hibiscus flower Type 15 Sen 2007 Die Variety 1 - Hibiscus flower Type 25 Sen 2009 Die Variety 1 - Single Tower5 Sen 2009 Die Variety 2 - Error, Double Dies, Twin Towers5 Sen 2009 Variety 3 - Error, Die Crack, 1 1/2 Towers10 Sen 1991 Die Variety 1 - 1 marble in 2nd top left hole of chongkak10 Sen 1991 Die Variety 2 - 3 marbles in 2nd top left hole of chongkak10 Sen 1997 Variety 110 Sen 1997 Variety 2 - Proof - like10 Sen 2002 Die Variety 1 - Polen stem of Hibiscus Flower ending with dots in an arrow formation10 Sen 2002 Die Variety 2 - Polen stem of Hibiscus Flower ending with lines and dots10 Sen 2007 Die Variety 1 - Hibiscus flower Type 110 Sen 2007 Die variety 2 - Hibiscus flower Type 210 Sen 2007 Die Variety 3 - Hibiscus flower Type 310 Sen 2007 Die Variety 4- Hibiscus Flower Type 410 Sen 2008 Die Variety 1 - 1 Marble in 2nd top left hole of chongkak10 Sen 2008 Die Variety 2 - 3 marbles in 2nd top left hole of chongkak10 Sen 2011 Die Variety 1 - Hibiscus flower Type 1 (Polen with thin stem)10 Sen 2011 Die variety 2 - Hibiscus flower Type 2 (Polen with thick stem)20 Sen 1989 Die Variety 1 - Betel nut (Sireh) leaves with straight stem20 Sen 1989 Die Variety 2 - Betel nut (Sireh) leaves with bent stem20 Sen 1990 Die Variety 1 - Betel nut (Sireh) leaves with straight stem20 Sen 1990 Die Variety 2 - Betel nut (Sireh) leaves with bent stem20 Sen 1997 Variety 1 -20 Sen 1997 Variety 2 - PROOF-like20 Sen 1998 Variety 1 -20 Sen 1998 Variety 2 - PROOF-like20 Sen 2002 Die Variety 1 - Polen stem of Hibiscus Flower ending with dots in an arrow formation20 Sen 2002 Die Variety 2 - Polen stem of Hibiscus Flower ending with lines and dots20 Sen 2007- Die Variety 1 - Hibiscus Flower Type 120 Sen 2007- Die Variety 2 - Hibiscus Flower Type 220 Sen 2007- Die Variety 3 - Hibiscus Flower Type 320 Sen 2007- Die Variety 4 - Hibiscus Flower Type 450 Sen 1998 Die Variety 1 - Normal size 8 in date50 Sen 1998 Die Variety 2 - Large size 8 in date50 Sen 2002- Die Variety 1 - Denomination 50 thinner50 Sen 2002- Die Variety 2 - Denomination 50 thicker50 Sen 2005- Die Variety 1 - Hibiscus Flower Type 150 Sen 2005- Die Variety 2 - Hibiscus Flower Type 250 Sen 2005- Die Variety 3 - Hibiscus Flower Type 350 Sen 2007 - Die Variety 1 - Hibiscus Flower Variety 150 Sen 2007 - Die Variety 2 - Hibiscus Flower Variety 2$1 1992 Kris - Variety 1 - Rounded Rim, colour orange yellow$1 1992 Kris - Variety 2 - Flat top Rim, colour yellow$1 1993 Kris - Die Variety 1 - Denomination $1, colour yellow1 Ringgit 1993 Kris - Die Variety 2 - denomination 1 Ringgit, colour yellow1 Ringgit 1994 Kris - Variety 1, Rounded Rim, colour orange yellow1 Ringgit 1994 Kris - Variety 2, Flat Top Rim, colour yellow1 Ringgit 1995 Kris - Variety 1, Rounded Rim, colour orange yellow1 Ringgit 1995 Kris - Variety 2, Flat Top Rim, colour yellowNote: The $1 Kris design coins are made up of 85% Copper, 10% Zinc and 5% Tinwhich gives it their golden colour.